We hope our post on Quantifiers helped you understand the importance of Quantifiers in scoring well on GMAT. The Question 1 and 2 followed by the post were relatively easier. Now, let’s try to solve a question with a higher difficulty level. First attempt the question on your own and then refer to the solution to see how we did it –

Question 3

Every lawyer who has practiced for at least 10 years handles over 150 cases a year. Most lawyers who handle over 150 cases a year and all lawyers who handle over 200 cases a year who apply for membership to various Lawyers’ Clubs are granted membership to at least one of them.

The statements above, if true, best support which of the following conclusions?

A. If a lawyer handles over 150 cases a year and is not a member of a Lawyers’ Club, it means he or she did not apply for membership to any of them.

B. At least one lawyer who has practiced for at least 10 years who has applied to at least one Lawyers’ Club has been granted membership to one of them.

C. If a lawyer handles less than 150 cases a year, he or she could not have been practicing law for at least 10 years.

D. Every lawyer who has practiced for at least 10 years and handles over 150 cases a year has been granted membership for at least one Lawyers’ Club.

E. If a lawyer handles 175 cases a year and is a member of a Lawyers’ Club, It is possible that he or she has been practicing for at least 10 years.

Answer: E

Solution:

Did you attempt the question first? If not, let’s give it a try and then move on to the solution!

Analysing the stimulus

  • Every lawyer who has practiced for at least 10 years handles over 150 cases a year.
    • A segment has been defined here. It has only those lawyers who have practised for at least 10 years.
    • Fact: All such lawyers handle 150+ cases per year
  • Most lawyers who handle over 150 cases a year and all lawyers who handle over 200 cases a year who apply for membership to various Lawyers’ Clubs are granted membership to at least one of them.
    • This segment does not specifically refer to lawyers who have practised for at least 10 years. This segment refers to lawyers in general – including those who have practised for less than 10 years.
    • Fact: Of this segment51 to 100% of lawyers handling 150+ cases a year and 100% of all lawyers handling 200+ cases a year  – who apply for membership at different Lawyer’s Clubs 
  • So, the given % of lawyers of the particular segments get membership of at least one Lawyers’ Club

Answer choice elimination

A. If a lawyer handles over 150 cases a year and is not a member of a Lawyers’ Club, it means he or she did not apply for membership to any of them.
– It is given that “most” lawyers handling 150+ cases a year get accepted to at least one Lawyers’ Club, provided they apply for it. “Most” leaves scope for a possibility that all 100% of lawyers do not get accepted even after applying. Distortion.
Incorrect Choice.

B. At least one lawyer who has practiced for at least 10 years who has applied to at least one Lawyers’ Club has been granted membership to one of them.
– The passage does not explicitly tell us whether any lawyer from the segment “has been practicing for at least 10 years” applies for the membership to Lawyers’ Club. Thus, we cannot infer whether at least one such lawyer is a member of the Lawyers’ Club. Distortion.
Incorrect Choice.

C. If a lawyer handles less than 150 cases a year, he or she could not have been practicing law for at least 10 years.
– The passage tells us that all lawyers who have been practicing for at least 10 years handle 150+  cases. This does not mean that a lawyer who has not been practicing for at least 10 years does not handle 150+ cases a year. Out of scope.
Incorrect Choice.

D. Every lawyer who has practiced for at least 10 years and handles over 150 cases a year has been granted membership for at least one Lawyers’ Club.
– The passage does not tell us that all lawyers who have practiced for at least 10 years and handle over 150 cases a year actually apply for the said membership. Out of scope.
Incorrect Choice.

E. If a lawyer handles 175 cases a year and is a member of a Lawyers’ Club, It is possible that he or she has been practicing for at least 10 years.
The use of the word “possible” cinches the deal for this choice. We know that there are lawyers handling 150+ and 200+ cases a year who apply for membership to a Lawyers’ Club. We also know that all lawyers who have practiced for at least 10 years handle 150+ cases.

Thus, it is very much possible that a lawyer handling 175 cases a year and who is a member of a Lawyers’ Club belongs to the segment “has been practicing for at least 10 years”
Correct Choice.